Difference between mild steel and carbon steel pipe
Mild steel is the type of carbon steel where it contains very low amounts of carbon. Approximately, it is 0.16–0.29% by weight. This steel is very cheap and most commonly used. It is malleable and ductile but has low tensile strength. Mild carbon cannot be hardened by heat treatment.
Carbon steel is used to denote steel with carbon as the main alloying element. In carbon steel, the properties are mainly defined by the amount of carbon it has. For this alloy, the amounts of other alloying elements like chromium, manganese, cobalt, tungsten are not defined. There are four types of carbon steel. This categorization is based on the carbon content. Mild and low carbon steels contain very low carbon percentages. There are three other types of carbon steel as medium carbon steel, high carbon steel and ultra high carbon steel. In the higher carbon steels, the carbon level varies between 0.30–1.70 % by weight. Medium carbon steel has 0.30–0.59% carbon content whereas the high steel has 0.6-0.99%. Ultra high carbon steel has 1.0-2.0% of carbon content. They can undergo heat treatment successfully. Therefore, normally these are very strong and hard, but ductility can be low.
Mild steel has very low carbon percentage compared to other carbon steel. Mild steel has high ductility, and it is malleable, whereas other carbon steel types have low ductility. Mild carbon cannot be hardened by heat treatment, but other types of carbon steel can be hardened by heat treatment. Mild steel is less strong and harder than other carbon steel types.